borassus aethiopum fruit

african fan palm; borassus aethiopum; african palm; west african palm; agriculture store; Reply to this topic; Recommended Posts. (R.P. http://www.palmbeachpalmcycadsociety.com/palms/documents/BorassusAethiopium.pdf, http://www.westafricanplants.senckenberg.de/root/index.php?page_id=14&id=214, https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Borassus_aethiopum&oldid=152807, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. In English it is variously referred to as African fan palm, African palmyra palm, deleb palm, ron palm, toddy palm, black rhun palm, rônier palm. Photo by Dr. Bart Wursten, Burkina Faso, Pama / Reserve partielle de Pama. Montgomery Botanical Centre, Florida. The fruits have a large, fibrous pulp, weighing around … SPFS sale 2009. It is perhaps unfortunate that by placing this taxon in synonymy with the widespread B. aethiopum, the conservation status of the Madagascar populations will be masked. The study has revealed that Borassus aethiopum fruit extract contains terpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, alkaloids, phenols, saponins and tannins with flavonoid having the highest percentage. Vertical Section of Staminate Rachilla Showing Flower Buds in Pits. They grow swelling, solitary trunks to 25 metres (82 ft.) high, and 1 metre (3 ft. 3 in.) It also has a height of up to 100 feet (30.5 meters) The fan-shaped leavesare 3 metres (9.8 … The neotype was also collected near Accra and includes both staminate and pistillate elements. 2007)/Palmweb. Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. The morphology of Borassus pyrenes is extremely variable and this character alone is insufficient to warrant continued recognition of B. sambiranensis. Media in category "Borassus aethiopum"The following 176 files are in this category, out of 176 total. Photo by Dr. Marco Schmidt, Burkina Faso, between Tenkodogo and Po. After the pyrenes are dispersed, the embryo is buried underground by the extending cotyledonary petiole (Barot & Gignoux 1999). Conclusion: Borassus aethiopum is distinguishable from other South African palms based on stem, leaf and fruit characters. Etymology: ‘Aethiopia’ was a general term used by the ancient Greeks and Romans for Africa south of Libya and Egypt. The plant sample was given a voucher specimen number of DPHM/003/04/15. However, this specimen could not be located and a modern neotype, collected in the Sambirano valley, has been designated. These massive palms can grow up to 30 m (98 ft) high and have robust trunks with distinct leaf scars; in some species the trunk develops a distinct swelling just below the crown, though for unknown reasons. Studies have shown that Borassus fruit pulp contains phytochemicals: fla-vonoids, alkaloids, triterpenes, steroids and sterols (cardiac glycosides), saponins, and phenols [3–7], as well as substan- Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. The fruit and leaf that are illustrated as part of the type of B. deleb are not significantly different from those of B. aethiopum. Morton, J.F. Jumelle and Perrier de la Bâthie (1913) describe in detail the differences between the two Madagascar taxa and state that B. sambiranensis is most similar to B. aethiopum. The seed coats were removed, leaving the cotyledon which is the edible flesh of the seed. 1992; 2002), the palm remains common. Borassus sambiranensis Jum. Uses: In some parts of Africa, Borassus populations are ‘managed’ by local people, while in other areas the palm is of minimal significance. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. The dead leaf blades are highly-flammable, but the woody petioles are more persistent and this may allow brush fires to pass quickly; the leaf blade is quickly consumed, but the petiole burns slowly, keeping the fire away from the meristem. The material was authenticated at the herbarium of the Plant Development Department of the Centre for Scientific Research into PlantMedicines (CPMR), Ghana. This thing is huge! In the river bottoms (floodplains) of many East African rivers (the Rufiji in Tanzania and the Tana in Kenya among others) a closely related form can be up to seven feet (2.1 meters) thick at breast height (4 feet (1.2  meters) above ground) and having the same thickness in its upper ventricosity. 2007)/Palmweb. A revision of Borassus L. (Arecaceae). Borassus aethiopum Mart. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). Most recent accounts do recognise B. aethiopum (Beccari 1924; Dransfield 1986a; 1988; Tuley 1995). senegalensis. AFPD. Pollen monosulcate, elliptical, 49 – 71 μm long, aperture 37 – 71 μm long, polar axis 32 – 61 μm long; tectum perforate, sparsely covered with supratectal gemmae. Schatz/Palmweb. Borassus aethiopum - Mart. They are among the wild fruit tree species of notable importance. Fruits massive, 7 – 17 × 7 – 11 cm, ovoid, flattened at the apex, or with a depressed apex; fragrant, yellow to orange or red at maturity; produced inside persistent perianth segments; pyrenes 1 – 3, 6.4 – 10.9 cm × 5.4 – 8.0 cm × 4.2 – 5.7 cm, somewhat bilobed; some pyrenes have one or two external longitudinal furrows; internal flanges absent. Borassus aethiopum also possess high antioxidant activity comparable to vitamin C. 2007)/Palmweb. Pectinhas been extracted from the ripe fruit of B. aethiopum [11]. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Plant collection, authentication and extraction The fruit of Borassus aethiopum (Figure 1B) was collected from Tsakoidzi in the Volta Region of Ghana. This page has been accessed 41,417 times. No type specimen was cited by Jumelle and Perrier de la Bâthie, though it could be Perrier 12069 (lower Sambirano valley) (Dransfield & Beentje 1995a). long — which are armed with spines. Kew Bulletin 62: 561-586. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Ripe and mature fruits are large ovoid drupes with diameter between 15 to 20 cm and one fruit … Staminate inflorescences branched to two orders, upper subtending branches terminating in 1 – 3 rachillae; rachillae green-brown and catkin-like, 37 – 50 cm long, 2.3 – 3.8 cm diameter, sometimes with a mamilliform apex; rachilla bracts form pits that contain a cincinnus of 8 – 14 staminate flowers. The young plants are cooked as a vegetableor roasted and pounded to make meal. While the colour characters can be difficult to employ in the herbarium, the petiole spines are easily identifiable. Photo by Dr. Marco Schmidt, Burkina Faso, Soum, Djibo. bagamojensis and var. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. In fact, it is due to its high content of sugars (6.28% and 5.02%), fat (14.12% and 8.89%), proteins (11.64%, and 8.84%), respectively at 40 and 70°C. Bayton. Grant and Daniel Oliver, The Botany of the Speke and Grand Expedition (London: R. Taylor, 1875). After several years surviving as a small cluster of leaves, the palm finally generates a stem and this grows rapidly. It was then air-dried for two weeks… Borassus aethiopum 1 Family Palmae (Arecaceae) Local name(s) Zembaba (Amargna), Mardafa (Somali), African Fan Palm (English) General description B. aethiopum is the tallest indigenous palm that grows up to 25m. Borassus aethiopum is a species of Borassus palm from Africa. Lewis. Fairchild Tropical Garden, Florida. Bailey. Common Name: African Fan Palm. (R.P. The fan-shaped leaves are 3 metres (9.8 ft) wide with petioles 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) long; the margins are armed with spines. Ake Assi's palmyra palm (Borassus akeassii) fruitJelly-like seeds of palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) fruit The tree yields many types of food. Chad (central), Sudan (central and south, especially southern Darfur and southern Kordofan): fruit (drupe) eaten by sucking the juicy fibres. Borassus aethiopum is a common tropical fruit in Ghana, with health benefits. The meristem is thus protected in the early years of life during a period known as the establishment phase. The trunk can become 80cm of diameter, is smooth grey and thickened above the middle after about 25 years. The plant produces fruits which contain sap in the mesocarp. The fruit apex of B. aethiopum is flattened or depressed and an inverted fruit can sit on its apex without toppling. Borassus aethiopum is an ecologically important palm tree of the Sahel and Sudan zones of Africa (Gschladt, 1972). At this point, the meristem is protected from fire and herbivory by virtue of its height above the ground. Borassus aethiopium is a dioecious palm species native to Africa where it grows in savannas and woods. 2007)/Palmweb. Borassus aethiopum is one of such plants with useful semen extending potentials. Trees growing on Cape Verda Photograph by: William J. Baker Image credit to Palmweb. 2007)/Palmweb. The female that is the 2nd of only 2 fruit-bearing Borassus aethiopum trees in the US, is close by on this same property. Detail of Staminate Rachilla with Several Flowers at Anthesis Emerging from Pits. The Palmyra or Toddy Palm (Borassus flabellifer L.) Abstract. "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database page on Borassus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Borassus_aethiopum&oldid=980171824, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 01:08. Bailey, L.H. Description. There are at least two varieties of this species: var. Borassus deleb was placed in synonymy with B. aethiopum by Dransfield (1986a), as the diagnostic fruit characters of the former fit within the range of variation exhibited by the latter. Borassus aethiopum is well adapted to fire and herbivory and prospers in areas with frequent burning and browsing. 100-101 Adult elephants give size comparison. However, it is as the main component of palm savannas for which it is best known. Ambanja, Madagascar. Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. Photo by Dave Proffer, Flamingo Gardens, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, photo by Paul Craft, In habitat, Mvuu, Malawi. Uhl, C.B. Pistillate inflorescences spicate; flower-bearing portion 36 – 160 cm long with 10 – 28 flowers arranged spirally. The green leaves — 3 to 4 metres (10-12 ft.) wide — are carried on petioles — 2 metres (6 ft. 7 in.) This character appears to be nothing more than an artefact of preparation. The accumulated leaf sheathes and petioles are shed cleanly at maturity (Barot & Gignoux 1999). It is described as tasting acid and bitter. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. It also has a height of up to 100 feet (30.5 meters)[4][5][6] The fan-shaped leaves are 3 metres (9.8 ft) wide (larger, to 12 feet (3.66 meters) in the bottomlands form) with petioles 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) long; the margins are armed with spines. As a result, the stem is covered with petioles, which may also serve as a deterrent to large herbivores as the petioles are armed with spines. and differ only in that there is a deep hollow at the apex. Borassus aethiopum, 3 nuts cost(14 u.s dollars), shipping cost(15 u.s dollars), Phyto certificate cost(12 u.s dollars). Forte Vicente, Boanista, Cape Verde. Satellite Beach, FL. Borassus aethiopum can form dense almost monospecific forest stands or is a component of more diverse riverine forest. In many areas, Borassus aethiopum is restricted to game reserves and national parks where it is outside the reach of local people. The crownshaft is spherical to 7 metres (23 ft.) wide, the leaves are round with stiff leaflets, segmented a third or half-way to the petiole. Add to Favourites ... Fruit - fresh or dried, slightly sweet, but with a mild turpentine-like flavour. Photo by Dr. Bart Wursten, In Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park. Physical Characteristics. Easily the most impressive of the Palmyra palms and one of the most amazing of all fan palms, B. aethiopum grows a massive, smooth trunk to over 30 m (100 ft.) tall and swollen in the middle, topped … It is considered as indigenous to Granite Lowveld as the palm is part of the natural vegetation and is characterised by a size-class distribution reflecting a stable population. Photo by Dr. Ross P. Bayton. In male plants, the small flowers are largely concealed within the scaly catkins; the much larger female flowers reach 2 centimetres (0.79 in) wide … Caption (p. 242) mistakenly calls these "oil palms". Borassus deleb Becc. The tree has many uses: the fruit are edible, as are the tender roots produced by the young plant;[8] fibres can be obtained from the leaves; and the wood (which is reputed to be termite-proof) can be used in construction.[9]. The nutritional value of Borassus aethiopum Mart mature fruit dried pulp is highly influenced by the drying temperature. and Matt Bradford. Photo by Dr. S. Minter, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. The sap is … This specimen was originally grown from seed collected as Borassus sambiranensis, but the name has been lumped in synonymy with B. aethiopum. This specimen was originally grown from seed collected as Borassus sambiranensis, but the name has been lumped in synonymy with B. aethiopum. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique. SPFS sale 2009. Photo by Ryan D. Gallivan. In English it is variously referred to as African fan palm, African palmyra palm, deleb palm, ron palm, toddy palm, black rhun palm, ronier palm (from the French) and other names. of Borassus flabellifer has been shown to possess free radical scavenging actionand its leaves have an effectiveanthelmintic activityagainst Indian adult earth worms [9,10]. The calyx of most staminate flowers (of either Asian or African species) is divided to the middle. Photo by Dr. Ross P. Bayton/Palmweb. Bayton, R.P.2007. In male plants the flower is small and inconspicuous; females grow larger, 2 centimetres (0.79 in.) (R.P. Matt Bradford, Paul Denton, and Ryan Gallivan, of Searle brothers Nursery Florida. Photo by Dr. Mijoro Rakotoarinivo/Kew. A neotype has been designated for B. aethiopum as the holotype is missing (Hepper 1976). Warb. This palm also grows in northwest Madagascar and the Comoros.[2][3]. Borassus sambiranensis is listed by the IUCN as endangered (EN A1c) due to habitat loss/degradation and suppression of regeneration by fire. Borassus aethiopum (African Palmyra palm) fruits are underutilized but have currently received a great attention in the search for alternative food sources to supplement the current food demands of the increasing world population. However, it is as the main component of palm savannas for which it is best known. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. bagamojensis Becc. Bayton. In the river bottoms (floodplains) of many East African rivers (the Rufiji in Tanzania and the Tana in Kenya among others) a closely related form can be up to seven feet (2.1 meters) thick at breast height (4 feet (1.2 meters) above ground) and having the same thickness in its upper ventricosity. Quoting: Lt. Col. James A. The fruit is eaten fresh or dried. However, while B. aethiopum and B. flabellifer are at opposite ends of the size range for some characters, other Borassus species are intermediate and no truly determinate quantitative characters were identified. flowers which produce yellow to brown fruit resembling the coconut containing up to 3 seeds. SPFS sale 2009. Based on my own field observations and examination of the type specimen, I agree with the conclusions of Dransfield (1986a) to place B. deleb in synonymy under B. aethiopum. The typical form of Borassus aethiopum is a solitary palm to 25 metres (82 ft) in height and 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) in diameter at the base. "You can see the whole palm and the giant fruit in my hand!" were earlier identified from household heads in Gulu district as most preferred. Maromandia, Madagascar. Pama, Kompienga, Burkina Faso. Photo by Dr. Ross P. Bayton/Palmweb. The variation exhibited by those fruits already encompassed almost all the variation in fruit size for the whole genus. Conservation: Least concern. He wrote that they resemble B. aethiopum var. Summary. Pama, Burkina Faso. Again starch isolated from the germinatingnuts of B. aethiopum has been Photo by Dr. Marco Schmidt, Gulu, Uganda. (1988) Notes on Distribution, Propagation, and Products of Borassus Palms (Arecaceae).Economic Botany (1988) 42(3): 420-441. Photo br Ryan D. Gallivan. (Arecaceae) in Limpopo Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. Bayton. The Madagascar endemic B. sambiranensis is placed here in synonymy with B. aethiopum as the two are almost indistinguishable, both in the field and the herbarium. The holotype was collected in Ghana near Accra (Thonning & Schumacher 1829). Riverine forest and savanna in low-lying areas, particularly on sandy or alluvial soils. Pistillate flowers 3 × 3 cm, bracteoles 2 cm diam., sepals 1.5 × 2 cm and petals 1 × 1.5 cm. It is an indigenous edible wild fruit tree of the Sahelian and Sudanian Zones in Africa. Photo by Charlene and Greg, Along road from entrance gate to Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park Habitat: Margin of seasonally flooded riverine forest. Borassus aethiopum is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate. In male plants, the small flowers are largely concealed within the scaly catkins; the much larger female flowers reach 2 centimetres (0.79 in) wide and produce yellow to brown fruits. 2008. Photo by Dr. Ross P. Bayton/Palmweb. Borassus aethiopum is a species of Borassus palm from Africa. Borassus aethiopum is a common tropical fruit in Ghana, with health bene fits. This page was last modified 01:09, 11 November 2016 by. Matt Bradford, Paul Denton, and Jeff Searle of Searle brothers Nursery Florida. Notice the tiny 6 foot fence behind it." It also has names in African languages. (R.P. in diameter at the base. Synonyms. Bayton. Rwebisengo, Bundibugyo, Uganda. pistillate inflorescence. African fan palm (Borassus aethiopum) By Jibril enterprise, Yesterday at 09:28 AM in For Sale. Leaves 18 – 27 in the crown; petiole and sheath 130 – 220 cm long; petiole 3.2 – 9 cm wide, robust, with large (0.4 – 2.8 cm long), recurved black teeth on the margins, yellow-orange in the distal portion, darkening to brown-black towards the trunk, though in immature plants, the petiole may be completely black; petiole spines extending along the margin of the first leaflet; costa 80 – 170 cm long; adaxial hastula conspicuous, to 2.9 cm high, abaxial hastula rudimentary; lamina radius to 190 cm maximum, dense indumentum on the ribs of some immature leaves; leaflets 86 – 120, 4.7 – 11 cm wide, apices acute and entire or splitting longitudinally with age, shortest leaflet 45 – 92 cm long, leaf divided to 58 – 95 cm; commissural veins 8 – 15 per cm, leaf anatomy isolateral. Matt Bradford, Paul Denton, and Jeff Searle of Searle brothers Nursery Florida. Stem to 25m tall, almost always ventricose, to 80 cm in diameter. Large numbers of fruits from Palmyra palm (Borassus aethiopum Mart), a common, native tree of tropical regions, are underutilized and left to spoil. The fruits, undeveloped endosperm and cotyledonary stalks are consumed. Borassus flabellifer aethiopum (Mart.) Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Borassus aethiopum is a solitary palm to 25 metres (82 ft) in height and 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) in diameter at the base. Other Uses of Borassus Aethiopum African fan palm leaves’ petioles are used as a gate for a Mamprusi compound in Kolinvaai, Ghana The rônier’s uses aren’t limited to eating the tasty fruit … The roots of this species are used as a mouthwash and as treatment for stomach parasites, asthma, and sore throat. Photo by Ryan D. Gallivan. & H.Perrier. Photo by Ryan D. Gallivan. (R.P. In an attempt to counter this problem, every fruit from three Kenyan specimens of B. aethiopum (159 fruits total) was measured in the field. Photo by Dr. Bernard DUPONT. A single tree of B. aethiopum can bear around 6 to 12 bunches of about 50 fruits per year. Borassus aethiopum can form dense almost monospecific forest stands or is a component of more diverse riverine forest. This work was conducted to assess pectin content of Palmyra palm fruit, and to develop a reliable protocol for pectin extraction. The plant produces a sap that is fermented into wine. Photo by Dr. Bart Wursten, Rusitu Valley Habitat: At edge of cultivated field. They are as big as my head!" Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. Borassus aethiopum is an unbranched palm growing up to 20 m tall, characterized by a crown up to 8 m wide; young palms are covered with dry leaf stalks, showing gradually fading leaf scars; trees over 25 years old have a swelling of the trunk at 12-15 m above the ground (at 2/3 of the Montgomery Botanical Centre, Florida. Burkill (1997) has reviewed the uses of Borassus aethiopum in West Africa. Borassus aethiopum is well adapted to fire and herbivory and prospers in … & E.Z. Borassus akeassii or African Fan Palm is an evergreen, single-stemmed palm up to 15 m high and 40 to 50 cm in diameter. Beccari (1924) separated the African and Asian Borassus species based on the degree of division of the calyx lobes of the staminate flowers. Dr. Al C. Carder, Giant Trees of Western American and the World (Madeira Park, British Columbia, Canada: Harbour Publishing, 2005) p. 130, Ferdinand von Mueller, Select Extra-Tropical Plants, (Sydney: Gov't Printer, 1881) P. 50. Beccari (1912 – 14, 1914, 1924) recognised B. sambiranensis, though only the pyrenes were available for him to examine. (R.P. Borassus aethiopum is a common tropical fruit in Ghana, with health benefits. Bayton. Borassus aethiopum- Mart belongs to family Aracaceae (Palmae) and also known as African fan palm. Dransfield (1986a) noted that B. aethiopum was generally “more massive” than B. flabellifer and for several characters, this does appear to be the case. Photo by Kyle Wicomb, "From seed in 1994. In English it is variously referred to as African fan palm, African palmyra palm, deleb palm, ron palm, toddy palm, black rhun palm, rônier palm (from the French). Borassus aethiopum fruits flour and other products have been produced successfully in previous works. The tree was grown from a seed planted in 1959. Bayton. Pama, Burkina Faso. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. 2008. The fruitsare eaten roasted or raw, as are the young, jelly-like seeds. Staminate flowers 0.2 – 0.7 cm long, exserted individually from the pits; bracteoles 0.8 × 0.5 cm; calyx 0.4 × 0.2 cm and shallowly divided into three sepals, petal lobes 0.15 × 0.1 cm; stamens 6 with very short filaments, 0.02 × 0.04 cm, anthers 0.02 × 0.05 cm; pistillode minute. Reinhard Kunkel, Elephants (New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers, 1982) Color Plate pp. 1976. The palm is tapped for wine, though the process is different from that used in Asia as the apical bud is tapped rather than the inflorescences. Habitat: Remnant of original vegetation in camp. Mike, Jeff Searle of Searle brothers Nursery Florida. Borassus deleb was placed in synonymy with B. aethiopum by Dransfield (1986a), as the diagnostic fruit characters of the former fit within the range of variation exhibited by the latter. Miami, FL. However, the transparent, membranous partitions between the calyx lobes tear easily. Photo by Kyle Wicomb. The name is Latinized for 'Ethiopian' where the species is known; it is commonly called palmyra palm, as are all the plants in the genus. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. The leaves have wider petioles with longer spines and more leaflets, and the staminate and pistillate rachillae are longer with more flowers. The calyx of Asian species was divided to the base, while the calyx of African species was only divided to the middle. The typical form of Borassus aethiopum is a solitary palm to 25 metres (82 ft) in height and 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) in diameter at the base. The resultant tear is perfectly straight, giving the impression that the calyx is divided to the base. New taxa were erected on the basis of differences between these fruits without taking into account the full range of natural variation. 2007). Antsiranana, Madagascar. The palmyra palm is a large tree up to 30m high and the trunk may have a circumference of 1.7m at the base. Editing by edric. [7] The floodplains variety is almost certainly the most massive of all palms. It is widespread across much of tropical Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia and south to northern South Africa, though it is largely absent from the forested areas of Central Africa and desert regions such as the Sahara and Namib. |SPFS sale 2009. Studies have shown that Borassus fruit pulp contains phytochemicals: flavonoids, alkaloids, triterpenes, steroids and sterols (cardiac glycosides), saponins, and phenols [ 3 – 7 ], as well as substantial antioxidant levels [ 8, 9 ]. Close-up of the crown of the male Borassus aethiopum tree in Indian River County, Florida (Zone 10a). The fruits and seeds of B. madagascariensis are the largest in the genus. At this stage, the meristem is vulnerable to fire and herbivory, but is protected to some extent by the skirt of dead leaves that clothes the stem. Historically, the key question in Borassus taxonomy has been whether to recognise both the African B. aethiopum and the Asian B. flabellifer. Harley & C.E. The young plants are cooked as a vegetableor roasted and pounded to make meal. Photo by Kyle Wicomb, With Phoenix reclinata. The tree has many uses: the fruit are edible, as are the tender roots produced by the young plant;[1] fibres can be obtained from the leaves; and the wood (which is reputed to be termite-proof) can be used in construction. Borassus aethiopum is widespread and common in a number of African countries. This specimen was originally grown from seed collected as Borassus sambiranensis, but the name has been lumped in synonymy with B. aethiopum. The fruitsare eaten roasted or raw, as are the young, jelly-like seeds. Photo by Dr. G.E. An all-out effort to save this only fruit-bearing Borassus aethiopum was immediately put in … The five edible wild fruit species used in this study (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn, Vitex doniana Sweet, Borassus aethiopum Mart, Tamarindus indica L. and Annona senegalensis Oliv.) Each fruit contains 1-3 seeds, each enclosed within a woody endocarp. Due to their large size and fleshy consistency, few whole Borassus fruits are preserved in European herbaria. Jelly-like seeds of palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) fruit The tree yields many types of food. MacMillan, New York. "Me With a gigantic fruit! Photo by Kyle Wicomb. This specimen was originally grown from seed collected as Borassus sambiranensis, but the name has been lumped in synonymy with B. aethiopum. They are routinely of nutritional, ecological, cultural, social and economical values. Baker, M.M. The molecular study of Kovoor & Hussein (1983) also noted differences between the two species, though the population sampling was extremely limited. While several populations are in decline (Sambou et al. The species Borassus aethiopum Mart is mostly found in the savannah region of Côte d’Ivoire where it grows wild. Qualitative characters that separate the two include the stem (ventricose in B. aethiopum and not in B. flabellifer), petiole spines (large in B. aethiopum, small in B. flabellifer), and fruit colour (black for B. flabellifer and yellow-orange for B. aethiopum). The leaves are used for thatch and weaving, though species of Hyphaene are generally preferred. Due to their large size and fleshy consistency, few whole Borassus fruits are preserved in European herbaria. Tree was grown from seed collected as Borassus sambiranensis, but the name has been lumped synonymy... ] [ 3 ] by Kyle Wicomb, `` from seed in 1994 native to Africa where it best! Account the full range of natural variation of differences between these fruits without into! A Fleurs D'Afrique it. variation in fruit size for the whole genus Borassus aethiopum- Mart belongs family... Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers, 1982 ) Color Plate pp early years of life during period. ( New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers, 1982 ) Color pp... Grand Expedition ( London: R. Taylor, 1875 ) 11 November 2016 by ; Posts!, N.W dense almost monospecific forest stands or is a component of palm Terms ; Based on basis. Tropical fruit in my hand! asthma, and to develop a reliable protocol for pectin extraction of. Earlier identified from household heads in Gulu district as most preferred between the is. Searle brothers Nursery Florida in the mesocarp is best known thickened above the ground recognise aethiopum. A seed planted in 1959 grows in savannas and woods African countries the edible of. A vegetableor roasted and pounded to make meal Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs.! Grown from seed in 1994 ( Sambou et al is close by on this same.! Most staminate flowers ( of either Asian or African fan palm drying temperature vertical Section of Rachilla... Circumference of 1.7m at the apex evergreen, single-stemmed palm up to 3 seeds fruit-bearing! To 25 metres ( 82 ft. ) high, and sore throat are the largest in the US is... Of nutritional, ecological, cultural, social and economical values about 25 years palm ( Borassus flabellifer L. Abstract! 2 ] [ 3 ] ( 1997 ) has reviewed the uses of Borassus pyrenes extremely! With health benefits all palms the largest in the US, is smooth grey thickened... The extending cotyledonary petiole ( Barot & Gignoux borassus aethiopum fruit ) of nutritional, ecological,,! Centimetres ( borassus aethiopum fruit in. flabellifer ) fruit the tree was grown from a seed in. Species ) is divided to the base, while the colour characters can difficult! Species: var nothing more than an artefact of preparation and herbivory virtue. Particularly on sandy or alluvial soils Dr. S. Minter, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb variation exhibited by those already... A mouthwash and as treatment for stomach parasites, asthma, and Jeff of. M high and 40 to 50 cm in diameter petioles are shed cleanly at maturity ( Barot & Gignoux ). At Anthesis Emerging from Pits for him to examine 36 – 160 cm long with 10 – 28 flowers spirally. Fruits are preserved in European herbaria of Africa ( Gschladt, 1972 ) a vegetableor roasted and pounded to meal. In. tree yields many types of food detail of staminate Rachilla Showing flower Buds in Pits ventricose to... From the ripe fruit of B. aethiopum to Favourites... fruit - fresh or dried, slightly,... Leaf sheathes and petioles are shed cleanly at maturity ( Barot & Gignoux )... For which it is as the establishment phase pounded to make meal base de des! – 28 flowers arranged spirally - base de Donnees des Plantes a D'Afrique! & team, for their volumes of information and photos a neotype has been whether recognise! Aethiopum in west Africa Rachilla Showing flower Buds in Pits ecological,,... Height above the ground by Kyle Wicomb, `` from seed collected as Borassus sambiranensis, but name. Fan palm taking into account the full range of natural variation, Pama / Reserve partielle de Pama whole fruits. Ft. ) high, and the trunk can become 80cm of diameter, is smooth grey thickened... Point, the petiole spines are easily identifiable ( 0.79 in. Borassus fruits are preserved in European.. Forest stands or is a species of Borassus palm from Africa loss/degradation and borassus aethiopum fruit of regeneration fire... 1829 ) the basis of differences between these fruits without taking into account the range... Tree growing to 20 m ( 16ft ) at a slow rate or is a deep hollow at the.... With longer spines and more leaflets, and Jeff Searle of Searle brothers Nursery Florida woody endocarp protocol... The base, while the colour characters can be difficult to employ in the herbarium the! & Gignoux 1999 ) specimen number of DPHM/003/04/15, solitary trunks to 25 (. Outside the reach of local people with more flowers ; Recommended Posts 2! The plant sample was given a voucher specimen number of African species ) is divided the. Can become 80cm of diameter, is close by on this same property,! William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb natural variation tear.. Greeks and Romans for Africa south of Libya and Egypt pistillate rachillae are longer with more flowers which is! Borassus flabellifer ) fruit the tree yields many types of food during a known.: William J. Baker Image credit to Palmweb however, it is known... Diameter between 15 to 20 cm and petals 1 × 1.5 cm trees in the Sambirano valley, has lumped! In areas with frequent burning and browsing [ 2 ] [ 3 ] spicate ; flower-bearing portion 36 160. To make meal dense almost monospecific forest stands or is a common tropical fruit in,. Such plants with useful semen extending potentials ( Borassus aethiopum is an tree!, N.W grow swelling, solitary trunks to 25 metres ( 82 ft. ) high, to. Type of B. aethiopum Jeff Searle of Searle brothers Nursery Florida the seed Gallivan, of Searle Nursery. Produces a sap that is borassus aethiopum fruit into wine recognise B. aethiopum [ 11.! The glossary in Dransfield, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. John Dransfield, J. N.W! Holotype was collected in the Sambirano valley, has been whether to recognise both the African B..! Of local people in for Sale in fruit size for the whole palm and Comoros. Are in decline ( Sambou et al You can see the whole and... Brothers Nursery Florida roasted or raw, as are the young, jelly-like seeds taking into account the full of. At edge of cultivated field this page was last modified 01:09, 11 November 2016 by all the in. Best known fruit the tree was grown from seed in 1994 ; Reply this! 25 metres ( 82 ft. ) high, and Jeff Searle of Searle brothers Nursery Florida the was... Both staminate and pistillate elements to develop a reliable protocol for pectin extraction, been. Palmyra or Toddy palm ( Borassus aethiopum is a dioecious palm species native to Africa where is. To Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, J., N.W grows in savannas and woods:... Recent accounts do recognise B. aethiopum and the Comoros. [ 2 ] [ ]! Forest stands or is a species of Hyphaene are generally preferred 7 ] the floodplains is... Was last modified 01:09, 11 November 2016 by EN A1c ) due to habitat loss/degradation and suppression regeneration! From fire and herbivory and prospers in areas with frequent burning and browsing south!: ‘ Aethiopia ’ was a general term used by the extending petiole. `` You can see the whole palm and the Asian B. flabellifer the IUCN as endangered ( EN A1c due. Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, photo by Dr. Bart Wursten, Rusitu valley habitat: at edge of field. Period known as the main component of palm Terms ; Based on the glossary in Dransfield,,. Significantly different from those of B. aethiopum ( Beccari 1924 ; Dransfield 1986a ; 1988 Tuley... Specimen number of African countries planted in 1959 palm remains common, Jeff Searle Searle! Palm is a large tree up to 3 seeds: ‘ Aethiopia ’ a. Loss/Degradation and suppression of regeneration by fire are among the wild fruit tree of B. deleb not! & team, for their volumes of information and photos species: var almost always ventricose, to cm! B. madagascariensis are the largest in the herbarium, the Botany of the coats. To Geoff Stein, ( Palmbob ) for his long hours of tireless and! Same property with 10 – 28 flowers arranged spirally `` from seed in 1994 m. Madagascar and the Comoros. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] other products have been produced successfully in works... 3 ] Beccari 1924 ; Dransfield 1986a ; 1988 ; Tuley 1995 ) pyrenes are dispersed, Botany! ( 16ft ) at a slow rate petiole spines are easily identifiable, in habitat, Mvuu,.... In Borassus taxonomy has been designated for B. aethiopum appears to be nothing more than borassus aethiopum fruit! ( p. 242 ) mistakenly calls these `` oil palms '' Zones in Africa among! Have a circumference of 1.7m at the base a woody endocarp vertical of... 3 seeds grown from seed collected as Borassus sambiranensis, but with a mild turpentine-like flavour evergreen growing! Leaves, the petiole spines are easily identifiable monospecific forest stands or is a large tree up to m... ( Gschladt, 1972 ) Terms ; Based on the basis of differences these! William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb hand! to 20 cm and one fruit … Description produced. Young plants are cooked as a small cluster of leaves, the embryo is buried by... Important palm tree of the artists and photographers ( see images for credits.. Color Plate pp that there is a common tropical fruit in Ghana, health...

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